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Insulin Resistance due to Lipid-Induced Signaling Defects could be Prevented by Mahanine

IR@IICB: CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata

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Title Insulin Resistance due to Lipid-Induced Signaling Defects could be Prevented by Mahanine
Creator Biswas, Anindita
Bhattacharya, Sushmita
Dasgupta, Suman
Kundu, Rakesh
Roy, Sib Sankar
Pal, Bikas C
Bhattacharya, Samir
Subject Chemistry
Description It is well known that free fatty acids (FFAs) play a key role in implementing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Resources of chemical compounds that intervene the derogatory effect of FFAs are indeed very limited. We have isolated mahanine, a carbazole alkaloid, from the leaves of Murraya koenegii that prevented palmitate-induced inhibition of insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of IRb, PI3K, PDK1, and Akt in L6 myotubes. This was also reflected in the palmitate-induced inhibition of insulinstimulated [3H] 2-DOG uptake by L6 myotubes, where palmitate adverse effect was significantly blocked by mahanine. Previous reports indicated that one of the major targets of lipid-induced damage in insulin signaling pathway resulting impairment of insulin sensitivity is insulin receptor (IR). Here, we have observed that palmitate significantly increased pPKCe in both cytosol and nuclear region of L6 myotubes in comparison to control. Translocation of pPKCe to the nucleus was associated with the impairment of HMGA1, the architectural transcription factor of IR gene and all these were reversed by mahanine. Palmitate-induced activation of IKK/IjB/NF-jB pathway was also attenuated by mahanine. Taken together, mahanine showed encouraging possibility to deal with lipid induced insulin resistance. In order to examine it further, mahanine was administered on nutritionally induced type 2 diabetic golden hamsters; it significantly improved hyperglycemia in all the treated animals. Our results, therefore, suggest that mahanine acts on two important sites of lipid induced insulin resistance (i) impairment of IR gene expression and (ii) activation of NF-jB pathway, thus, showing promise for its therapeutic choice for type 2 diabetes.
Date 2010
Type Article
Format application/pdf
Identifier http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/41/1/MOLECULAR_AND_CELLULAR_BIOCHEMIST___336_(_1%2D2);2010[109].pdf
Biswas, Anindita and Bhattacharya, Sushmita and Dasgupta, Suman and Kundu, Rakesh and Roy, Sib Sankar and Pal, Bikas C and Bhattacharya, Samir (2010) Insulin Resistance due to Lipid-Induced Signaling Defects could be Prevented by Mahanine. Molecular and cellular Biochemistry, 336 (1-2). pp. 97-107.
Relation http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-009-0257-4