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Effect of sodium arsenite on peripheral lymphocytes in vitro: individual susceptibility among a population exposed to arsenic through the drinking water

IR@IICB: CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata

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Title Effect of sodium arsenite on peripheral lymphocytes in vitro: individual susceptibility among a population exposed to arsenic through the drinking water
 
Creator Mahata, Julie
Ghosh, Pritha
Sarkar, Jyotirindra N
Ray, Kunal
Natarajan, Adayapalam T
Giri, Ashok K
 
Subject Molecular & Human Genetics
 
Description Arsenic (As) contamination in ground water has affected more than 19 countries. Approximately 36 million people in the Bengal delta alone are exposed to this toxicant via drinking water (>50 mg/l) and are at potential health risk. Chronic ingestion of As via drinking water is associated with occurrence of skin lesions, cancer and other arsenicinduced diseases in West Bengal, India. An in vitro cytogenetic study was performed utilizing chromosomal aberrations (CA) in lymphocytes treated with sodium arsenite (0±5 mM) in six symptomatic (having arsenicrelated skin lesions) individuals, six age- and sex-matched As-exposed asymptomatic (no arsenic-related skin lesions) individuals and six control individuals with similar socioeconomic status residing in non-affected districts of West Bengal with no evidence of As exposure. The mean As content in nails and hair was 9.61 and 5.23 mg/g in symptomatic, 3.48 and 2.17 mg/g in asymptomatic and 0.42 and 0.33 mg/g in the control individuals, respectively. The main aim of our study was to determine whether genotoxic effects differed in the lymphocytes of the control (no exposure to arsenic), asymptomatic and symptomatic individuals after in vitro treatment with sodium arsenite. Although both the exposed groups had chronic exposure to As through the drinking water, individuals with skin lesions accumulated more As in their nails and hair and excreted less in urine (127.80 versus 164.15 mg/l). The results show that sodium arsenite induced a signiÆcantly higher percentage of aberrant cells in the lymphocytes of control individuals than in the lymphocytes of both the exposed groups. Within the two exposed groups As induced higher incidences of CA in the symptomatic than the asymptomatic individuals. These results suggest that asymptomatic individuals have relatively lower sensitivity and susceptibility to induction of genetic damage by As compared with the symptomatic individuals.
 
Date 2004
 
Type Article
PeerReviewed
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/421/1/MUTAGENESIS%2C19(_3)%2C__223%2D229_[58].pdf
Mahata, Julie and Ghosh, Pritha and Sarkar, Jyotirindra N and Ray, Kunal and Natarajan, Adayapalam T and Giri, Ashok K (2004) Effect of sodium arsenite on peripheral lymphocytes in vitro: individual susceptibility among a population exposed to arsenic through the drinking water. Mutagenesis , 19 (3). pp. 223-229.
 
Relation http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mutage/geh022
http://www.eprints.iicb.res.in/421/