CSIR Central

Processing of high-performance anode-supported planar solid oxide fuel cell

IR@CGCRI: CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata

View Archive Info
Field Value
Title Processing of high-performance anode-supported planar solid oxide fuel cell
Creator Basu, Rajendra Nath
Das Sharma, Abhijit
Dutta, Atanu
Mukhopadhyay, Jayanta
Subject General
Description Anode-supported planar single cells of dimensions 5 cm x 5 cm x 1.5 mm and 10 cm x 10 cm x 1.5 mm have been successfully fabricated using inexpensive and simple processing techniques. The process involves room temperature lamination of several porous layers of tapecast NiO-YSZ together with a dense layer of YSZ electrolyte followed by cofiring. The half-cell fabrication is optimized while the electrolyte thickness is lowered down from 40 to 10 mu m. The fabricated single cells with screen printed La(Sr)MnO3 (LSM)-YSZ as cathode active layer and LSM as current collector layer shows very high electrochemical performance although no separate active layer is used on the anode side of the fabricated cells. The single cells are tested with hydrogen on the anode and oxygen on the cathode sides. The current density and power density of a typical coupon cell of diameter 16 mm is found to be approximate to 1.7 A/cm(2) and approximate to 1.2 W/cm(2), respectively, at a cell voltage of 0.7 V measured at 800 degrees C. Area specific resistance (ASR) value, evaluated from the current-voltage plot, is as low as 0.205 Omega cm(2) at 800 degrees C. The performances of these cells are found to be almost size independent having excellent repeatability. (C) 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier
Date 2008-10
Type Article
Format application/pdf
Identifier http://cgcri.csircentral.net/205/1/basu.pdf
Basu, Rajendra Nath and Das Sharma, Abhijit and Dutta, Atanu and Mukhopadhyay, Jayanta (2008) Processing of high-performance anode-supported planar solid oxide fuel cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33 (20). pp. 5748-5754. ISSN 0360-3199
Relation http://cgcri.csircentral.net/205/