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Ferromagnetism in nanoscale BiFeO3

IR@CGCRI: CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata

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Title Ferromagnetism in nanoscale BiFeO3
Creator Mazumder, R
Sujatha Devi, P
Bhattacharya, Dipten
Choudhury, Pranab
Sen, Amarnath
Raja, M
Subject Electronics
Engineering Materials
Description A remarkably high saturation magnetization of similar to 0.4 mu(B)/Fe along with room temperature ferromagnetic hysteresis loop has been observed in nanoscale (4-40 nm) multiferroic BiFeO3 which in bulk form exhibits weak magnetization (similar to 0.02 mu(B)/Fe) and an antiferromagnetic order. The magnetic hysteresis loops exhibit exchange bias and vertical asymmetry which could be because of spin pinning at the boundaries between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic domains. Interestingly, both the calorimetric and dielectric permittivity data in nanoscale BiFeO3 exhibit characteristic features at the magnetic transition point. These features establish the formation of a true ferromagnetic-ferroelectric system with a coupling between the respective order parameters in nanoscale BiFeO3.
Publisher American Institute of Physics
Date 2007-08-06
Type Article
Format application/pdf
Identifier http://cgcri.csircentral.net/508/1/App_Phys_Lett_91_(2007)_062510.pdf
Mazumder, R and Sujatha Devi, P and Bhattacharya, Dipten and Choudhury, Pranab and Sen, Amarnath and Raja, M (2007) Ferromagnetism in nanoscale BiFeO3. Applied Physics Letters, 91 (6). Article No.-062510. ISSN 0003-6951
Relation http://cgcri.csircentral.net/508/